Types of Structural Steel: A Guide

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Types of Structural Steel: A Guide

12 March 2021
 Categories: Construction & Contractors, Blog

Structural steel is versatile and strong, which makes it the ideal material to construct buildings with. This article explores the different types of structural steel and how they can be used as part of a construction project. Read on to find out more!

Universal columns

Universal columns are shaped like an H. These girders are the backbone of any construction project. Universal columns are frequently used to construct the vertical sections of the building and so are often the first pieces to be put in place. The size of each column is determined by the amount of weight it needs to support. For example, if the column needs to hold up a heavy load, it will need to be thicker. If the column is going to support a light load, then a thinner section will suffice. These columns are easy and quick to assemble which means they can speed up your construction project.

Universal beams

These beams are similar in structure and function as universal columns. However, they are typically placed horizontally between universal columns. Universal Beams are often used to support the weight of each floor of the building as it is constructed. Because they are load-bearing, they are often constructed with a thicker section.

Circular sections

Circular sections are typically assembled in a large number and serve to provide support for roofs and walls. They look similar to pipes but are actually made up of small tubes, which gives them the strength to support heavy loads. Additionally, they can be bent at right angles without compromising the strength of the material. Circular hollow sections of steel are particularly useful if the structure you are building must withstand high winds or other load factors.

Flat steel sections

Flat sections do not curve at any point along their length and can be used by themselves or they can be combined with other panels to form larger structures such as buildings or bridges. The sections are made from high-strength steel and they have a cladding of zinc in order to protect them from rust. The flat sections are easy to weld because they do not have any protrusions or holes in them, allowing you to join them together more efficiently. You can strengthen a beam or column by adding a flat section to it.

If you would like to find out more about this subject, you should contact a structural steel supplier today.